Laser treatment of hyperpigmentation
Melanin, produced by the melanocyte cells in the epidermis of our skin, has the main function of protecting our skin from harmful UV rays. It is also responsible for determining the color of our skin. In the case of inadequate pigment production, a pigmentation disorder develops, which results in a change in the quantitative distribution of melanin and the formation of pigment spots on the surface of the skin.
The development of skin pigmentation is influenced by a number of external and internal factors such as:
- hormonal changes
- taking photosensitizing medicines
- genetic predisposition
- certain diseases (liver, bile, ovaries)
- increased progesterone levels during pregnancy
- UV radiation
- prolonged mechanical or chemical exposure
If you are bothered by pigment spots on your skin, book an appointment for one of Medicover Aesthetica’s laser treatments, where we use state-of-the-art lasers to fade troublesome discoloration.
Treatment of hyperpigmentation with CO2 and iQ lasers
Pigmented lesions can be classified into epidermal, dermal, and mixed depending on where the pigment is located in the skin. DEKA has developed specific systems for different wavelengths and pulse durations that can be used according to the lesion: we can selectively target and destroy melanin in pigmented areas. In mixed lesions, it is advisable to treat the epidermal component first and then, once this has been attenuated, penetrate deeper into the dermal component with the laser.
The procedure is performed with a short pulse of 0.5 msec of the Alexandrite laser. During the treatment, a pencil-like handpiece is used to apply short pulses of light in a patch-like pattern to the skin, treating only the lesion. Cold air cooling is used to prevent skin burns. The procedure may cause slight discomfort.